My old personal computers 01
My old PCs

Fresh up Ports
I would like to use a file utility in textmode like GUI file manager. It seems that FreeBSD have fd-3.00e.tbz in the Ports. Ports is collection of software. I rewrote ports-supfile to fresh up the Ports and typed 'cvsup' command. It did not work. I thought URL was different. I looked for it, googling. Konqueror hung up.
    Short description
    The application Konqueror crashed and caused the signal 11 (SIGSEGV)

    What is this?
    An application mostly receives the SIGSEGV signal due to a bug in the application. The application was asked to save its documents.

I shutdown, and googled on IE6. Japanese showed,
    Ports Collection wa FreeBSD-CURRENT branch to FreeBSD-STABLE branch no saisinno release ni taioushiteimasu. Soreyorimo furui release niha taiou shiteorazu, sentano Ports Collection ha tadashiku dousasuru kamosiremasenshi, sinaikamosiremasen.
My machine cannot install 7.2-Release now, because I confimed yesterday. I have evalueted FreeBSD's Ports. At least if I will upgrade FreeBSD, newer Konqueror may not hang up easily to browse simple HTML.
18:22 Mar11 (GMT+9)

IE6 + newly installed Windows98
I write ASCII characters on Internet Explorer 6 and Windows 98 everyday. If I installed Firefox in Japanese edition, Could I show Chinese correct? I checked a few media which support multi languages. I could install Chinese and Korean on demand service of Chosen Nippou, but failed to Taiwanese. I thank Chosen Nippou that expirated IE6 Service Pack 1 (2004/05/13) could update my IE6. Japanese Edition of Windows 98 support Greek, Cyrillic, Turk, Baltic and Central European. I think English is concluded in the Central European, but my IE6 does not show Le Monde in French and Spiegel in German, when I access. Naturally IE6 does not show Japanese Embassy in Vietnum because Windows 98 does not support Vietnumese. Original Japanese IE6 shows Cyrillic and Turk characters correct in Russian Embassy in Sapporo and Turk Embassy. Though and recommend me single language oriented Firefox, I had better try multi languages in Konqueror. I have to learn multi language expression on FreeBSD. It seems complicated. I may buy a book about Japanese processing on FreeBSD, Xorg and KDE to understand multi language expression on Konqueror.
13:40 Mar11 (GMT+9)

Installer of FreeBSD7.2 on Celeron (400MHz) machine
kern.hlp disks
I would like to browse Japanese written HTML of web on FreeBSD. My Mitsumi CDROM drive does not work on FreeBSD. I have to prepare installer disks for Release 7.2. A site shows how to get the image disks[6]. The ftp site FreeBSD shows 6 disks ( I formatted a floppy disk and copied 'kern1.flp'. But loader did not work. I copied 'boot.flp'. Loader worked. So I copied 'kern2.flp' and 'kern3.flp' Yet installer did not ran. I copied 'mfsroot1.flp'. Release 7.2 needs 5 disks.

    boot.flp -> kern1.flp -> kern2.flp -> kern3.flp -> mfsroot1.flp
Installer repeated to show the same messages. It did not work. I confiremd the first 'mfsroot1.flp' was also impossible to run. I do not know why the installer disks did not run.

Firefox shows Xorg1 as system requirement[8]. FreeBSD supported XFree86 till 5.2.1-Release[7]. Xorg released the fisrt X Window System Version 11 Release 6.7 (X11R6.7.0) on 8 April 2004[9]. Released dates of FreeBSD versions are shown[9]. I checked how many kern disks were necessary for running the installer and whether the first kern.hlp ran.

Three days later, I tried installing 7.2-Release again. I read trouble shooting carefully. I replaced the first kern1.flp for new one. I formatted and copied. The result was the same. I inserted boot.flp. and I reset the machine.

    "Loading boot/defaults/loader.conf"
    Next to next, insert kern1.flp, kern2.flp, kern3.flp
    "Insert boot floppy"
    Insert boot.hlp again
    "Insert disk labelled "Memory Filesystem floppy 1. and press any key."
    Insert mfsroot1.flp
    "Insert boot floppy"
    Insert boot.hlp again
The installer ran at last. Boot.hlp disk uses as loader the first, and as booting twice. I continued setup. It needs 5 disks to start up the installer. A message showed,
    System Console Keymap
Note that sysinstall it self only uses the part of the keyboard map which is reqired to generate that ANSI character subset, but your choice of key map will also be saved for later (fuller) use.
14:42 Mar10, 20:45 Mar13 (GMT+9)

Minimum HDD freespace to install FreeBSD in 486DX machine
2nd time S:SoftUpdate, Y:Opts
ad0s2a/128MBUFS Y
ad0s2e/var102MBUFS+S Y
ad0s2f/tmp102MBUFS+S Y
ad0s2g/usr93MBUFS+S Y
1st time S:SoftUpdate, Y:Opts
ad0s2a/128MBUFS Y
ad0s2e/usr297MBUFS+S Y
I would like to test a Unix operation which I do not know and is dangerous to change parameters to work X Window. I tried installing FreeBSD again.

  1. Installer succeeded in transferring data from CDROM. But The first running failed to show an intermedating message.
  2. Installer assigned automatically. Installer began to find files bin.xx errors.
As a result of the test, Installer failed with '/usr' of 297MB. With the previous test, I found FreeBSD installer needs 128MB of '/' slice, 8MB of swap, and 315MB of '/usr' slice to install in 486DX machine. It is a little shortage of 18MB.
14:30 Mar10 (GMT+9)

Japanese processing in FreeBSD
Window Manager evaluation
Window managerSetupKonquerorMozilla
I have to use my family's Window 7 computer to access an Amazon web page of my account. I decided to change IE6 for firefox 2.x which Amazon recommended. I am not satisfied with Windows and MS-DOS. They were isolated from original English version. FreeBSD can import multi languages. I thought how to use Japanese on Windows 98. They are only 2 cases to browse sites in Japanese and write and read e-mail. If a browser could apply for Japanese, it would no use for Japanese version OS. I bought My family's Windows 7 bundled Microsoft Word and Excel. Though I have a favor of Konqueror binded FTP and KDE, it takes much time for me to build Japanese input processing in a console of Konqueror.

I tried Mozilla on KDE and GNOME+Sawfish. I could not enlarge Mozilla window and move it on KDE. Mozilla showed HTML in Japanese on GNOME+Sawfish. I showed and loged in. Yahoo rejected and showed it was neccsary for more than Firefox 3.0.
13:01, 18:25 Mar09 (GMT+9)

Bundled browser Konqueror with KDE
I ran /stand/sysinstall, and selected menus,

    Configure -> Networking -> Interfaces
    Selected rl0 Ethernet card
    DHCP -> Yes (My ISP supports)
I tried ping and ifconfig command to confirm TCP/IP protocol. I typed startx and worked KDE, I clicked HOME. Browser Konqueror ran, which was unknown for me at all. It was bundled with KDE. Though I would install other browser, I try it a little. font of Konqueror is too small to read. I set up minimum size 7 to 8 and medium 10 to 15. I tried showing, Naturally did not show Japanese characters.

I returned to textmode, when I clicked logout menu on the left bottom. I looked for a '.cshrc' file. 'find' command 2 files /root/.cshrc and /.cshrc. I looked it in the root directory. Oh, it is CSH script. I thought it was different. I knew that super user's shell was CSH and ordinary user's was SH by default FreeBSD[5]. FreeBSD also supports TCSH. Why is it differrent between superusers and others? I added a variable in /root/.cshrc,

    setenv LANG ja_JP.eucJP
I reset the machine and worked Konqueror, it did not show Japanese characters. I have to install Japanese fonts. How does FreeBSD handle 2 bytes code?

Konqueror reminds me of HMS Conqueror which torpedoed and sank an Argentine cruiser in the Falkland War.
0:27 Mar09 (GMT+9)

Install KDE with Celeron machine
I gave up working Window Maker. What kind of X Window do I select? I accessed my account of Amazon yesterday as usual, but I could not access an page as the day before. I asked for helpdesk. The helpdesk recommended to use Firefox 2.x or 3.x. I always have accessed Amazon by IExplorer 6 and Windows 98. Sawfish works with GNOME. While KDE works individually as well as Window Maker. I don't like to set up parameters twice. I decided to selected KDE as window manager. Before installing KDE, I checked /root/.xinitrc again.

    [ ! -d $HOME/GNUstep/Library/WindowMaker ] && /usr/X11R6/bin/wmaker.inst
    exec /usr/X11R6/bin/wmaker
I worked /stand/sysinstall. I selected menus as follows,
    Configure -> Desktop -> KDE -> DOS
As I have copied ports or packages in Windows partition, transfer rate exceeded 1MB/s. I looked for a manual to initialize KDE. I used find command to look for KDE. The command line was "find / -name KDE". Find showed /usr/local/share/gettext/projects/KDE. There is no manual in the directory. Googling, I could not get useful information. I decided to rewrite '.xinitrc' by try and error. Oh, KDE rewrited it. I simply 'startx' command. KDE showed its beautiful appearance. I was pleasant to work KDE, because Window Maker failed. Messages are,
  1. Welcome to KDE 2.2.2!
    country : South Africa
    language : Default (C)
    It's funny default country. I changed Japan. There is no option language. Is this Chinese version? With calm mind, I found it was C programming language.
  2. Step 3 Eyecandy-O-Meter
  3. Step 4 Everybody loves Themes
    I seletcted KDE default style. I do not know at well.
  4. Finsihed
    After closing this dialog you can always restart this Wizard by choosing the entry "Desktop Setting Wizard" from the System menu.
  5. Kandalf's useful tips
    You can add a little command line to your panel by selecting Panel Menu/Add/Appllet/Application Launcher fromt the K menu. If you know its name, you can execute any program by hitting Alt+F2 and entering the program name in the command-line window provided.
  6. Informational
    Sound server informational message :
    Error while initializing the sound driver :
    device /dev/dsp can't be opened (Device not configured)
I typed 'Ctrl+Alt+BS' to close KDE. TTY have showed warnings as follows,
    Waiting for X server to shut down warning : leaving MCOP Dispatcher and still 8 objects references alive.
    - Arts :: Sample Storages
    - Arts :: Synth_MULTI_ADD
    - Arts :: Synth_MULTI_ADD
    - Arts :: Synth_PLAY
    - Arts :: Stereo Volume Control
    - Arts :: Stereo Effect Stack
    - Arts :: Synth_BUS_DOWNLINK
    - Arts :: SoundServerV2
    warning : Leabing MCOP Dispacher and still 69 types alive.
18:12 Mar08 (GMT+9)

Window Maker warning with Celeron machine
I read 'README.mouse' of XFree86. I added button of option in the configuration.

    Option "Button" "5"
It seems no cause to occur the hang up. Xterm shows in beautiful color. I have installed Window Maker which occupied 19MB in /usr partition. Command is df -h to find size of used occupation.

I stopped wdm with ttys, because I could not edit ttys. I do not know why installer does not support editor from running disks. I have already installed FreeBSD 3 times on the Celeron machine. When I typed startx, Window Maker showed blue background. All of the icons were painted black. It does not also show Xterm correct. I stopped it by Ctrl+Alt+BS. Window Maker showed 3 warning messages,

  1. /usr/X11R6/bin/wmaker warning : could not allocate color "gray 50"
  2. /usr/X11R6/bin/wmaker warning : could not get color for key "MenuDisabledColor"
  3. /usr/X11R6/bin/wmaker warning : using default "#616161"
I read /root/GNUstep/Library/WindowMaker/READ. There is no use for information.
13:25 Mar08 (GMT+9)

Celeron machine hang up to try openning X Window
I rewrited ttys to start wdm for X Window in FreeBSD. I hoped that Ctrl+Alt+BS key in was effective to break the status. The keyin did not work. I failed to open X Window. How do I setup a break point like programming? I ran starter flopp disks and installed FreeBSD again. I think mouse wrong setup occurred the hangup. When I always set up the mouse, two messages appeared. The setup is unfinished. The other is,

    User Confirmation Requested
    The XFree86 configuration proccess seems to have failed.
    Would you like to try again?
Googling, I have to edit and configure etc/rc.conf and XF86Config[4]. In my case, the directory is usr/X11R6/lib/X86Config.

Installer showed : Choose 'dev/sysmouse' as the mouse port and 'Sysmouse' or 'MouseSystems' as the mouse protocol in the X configuration. I think they are device drivers, but UserConfig supports another psm0. FreeBSD set up mouse in three different files of kernel.conf, rc.conf and X86Config.
1:44 Mar07 (GMT+9)

Shell script
I have almost forgot shell program, while I have used Windows 98 for 10 years. I recognized the exsitence of MS-DOS shell, when I edited config.sys file. I thought about shell a little, as I was annoied with upgrade of Windows 3.11 to Windows 95. I knew that shells of Windows 3.11 and Windows 95&98 are 'Progman.exe' and 'Explorer.exe'[3]. We can change the shell program.

I have confirmed Windows 98 has 'Progman.exe'. SYSTEM.INI file of Windows 95 and 98 is the same as CONFIG.SYS of Windows 3.11.

I learn FreeBSD now. I knew that there are two kinds of sh and csh shell. Which shell is FreeBSD? Googling, we get to know it by a prompt. $ is sh and % is csh[2].

Shell of Windows 98 is Explorer. I pressed Ctrl+Alt+Del to confirm it. Others are Internat, Systray and Imejp98m. Imejp98m is a front end proccessor to input Japanese expression (kanji, hiragana, katakana).

Reinstall FreeBSD Boot Manager in Celeron (400MHz) machine
Setup of Windows 98 deleted FreeBSD Boot Manager, as I predicted. FreeBSD org shows 3 options to reinstall it[1].

  1. Run bootinst.exe of dos program in a distribution
  2. Run a floppy disk of FreeBSD. Select Custom install menu and partition menu. In the partition editor, (nanimo henkousezu) sonomama (W)rite wo shitei shimasu. To confirm '(Y)'. In Boot Manager menu, select Boot Manager. This writes the Boot Manager in the disk. Escaping install menu and rebooting, it restores HDD.
  3. Run a starter floppy disk of FreeBSD. Select "Fixit menu. Fixit select floppy or CD-ROM #2. Enter fixit shell. Command, Fixit# fdisk -B -b /boot/boot0 running device
Option 1 was impossible for me not to be equipped with CD-ROM drive. Option 3 was the best, I could not enter shell well. At option 2, I understood that 'shiteisure' meant select. I looked for (W)rite command. There is no command. In the case, I think 'nyuryokusuru' is more suitable than 'shiteisuru'.

[1] Windows 95/98 ga Boot Manager wo tsubushichatta! Douyatte modosuno?
[2] Shell towa?
[3] Windows de Program Manager wo shell toshite shiyou suru houhou
[4] MENU of FreeBSD
[5] FreeBSD command pocket referrence, p6
[6] FreeBSD no install image
[7] XFree86
[8] Firefox3.6 no system youken
[9] X.Org Foundation
[10] FreeBSD
[11] FreeBSD Ports

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